Chinese Neolithic jar
During the Neolithic the Chinese ceramics was made with rolls of clay, then hitting the blades with a palette; at the end of that period (2nd millennium B.c.) vessels were made at first hand and then a finish were given on the lathe. In Gansu, Northwest China, during the Pan-Shang, were pots with a clay of very fine texture baking up a reddish or yellowish brown and painted with mineral pigments applied with brush, making drawings of thick spiral-shaped outline. These pieces can be dated in the year 2600 BC, time where the ovens were simple shooting. The fire was lit under parts and holes of ventilation on the ground caused the flames and the heat to rise. The Longshang ceramic, in the Central Plains, was done with the lathe. Among the various forms of the Chinese Neolithic vessels there are pottery three feet, pitchers, urns, cups, jars and high tops.
The prototypical forms of the Neolithic were the basis for vessels of the Shang (c. 1766-1122 B.c.) period bronze, whereby high-quality clay moulds used for the casting of bronze have been found. Shang pottery was mainly four types, most of which took place in the capital, Ngan-yang, in the province of Hunan. The first type was the continuation of the Neolithic tradition of functional order, gray rough clay, with printed rope decoration or incised geometric motifs; the second consisted of an imitation in dark grey of the bronze vessels; It was the third white ceramic with a fine decoration that imitated the designs of the bronze, and glazed stoneware was the last.
Zhou to the Six Dynasties period
The soldiers of the imperial army
When the Emperor Shi Huangdi dynasty Ch'in, died in 210 BC, he was buried along with more than 6,000 soldiers and horses of life-size terracotta figures. Figures reproduce the imperial army and each face is different. It is believed that his end was the watch the tomb and protect the Emperor during his afterlife.
All types of ceramic of the Shang period, except for the white, continued performing during the Zhou (c. 1122-221 BC). Rough red pottery with lead varnish began to do in the time of the warring (403-221 BC) and also imitated bronze. In the South was made stoneware with a pale brown varnish and sophisticated forms.
The discovery in 1974 of the army of terracotta Qin Shi Huangdi, first emperor of the dynasty Ch'in (221-206 BC), which form a set of more than 6,000 soldiers and life-size horses buried in military training, has brought new dimensions to the knowledge of the art of ancient Chinese potters. These beautiful idealized portraits, with different details in their robes, were made with coarse grey clay. The heads and hands, cooked separately to the high temperatures of faience, were placed on the bodies once made these and then painted with bright mineral pigments (called cold decoration procedure), which have mostly been shedding.
In the dynasty have (206 BC-220 AD) continued making funerary figures and objects decorated with molding and painting, among which there are houses, human figures and even stoves. The bricks were sometimes decorated with everyday scenes of people and animals. Grey color with thick green varnish and reddish pottery stoneware was also made.
During the period of the six dynasties (220-581 A.d.) began to appear the porcelain celadon, precursor of the porcelain of the same name. (The celadones are transparent varnishes with iron pigments, cooked in oven of reduction that produce soft, blue or pale green or brown olive gray tones). As ceramic yue (green) and had so much influence objects in bronze as the former ceramics. The pitchers, the pitchers and dishes were becoming more delicate line and classic outline and some are ornamented with incisions or simple mouldings.